DRUG ABUSE

The use of illegal drugs or the use of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are meant to be used, or in excessive amounts. Drug abuse may lead to social, physical, emotional, and job-related problems.

What is drug abuse?

— Drug abuse is the use of illegal drugs or the use of prescription or over-the-counter medications in ways other than recommended or intended. It also includes intentional inhalation of household or industrial chemicals for their mind-altering effects. Tobacco use and problem drinking are sometimes included in the definition of drug abuse. Chemical abuse and substance abuse are terms sometimes used interchangeably with the term drug abuse, or they may be used to refer to a combination of drug abuse and tobacco use or problem drinking.

Many drugs that are abused are also addictive; they cause cravings and a continued desire to use them despite negative consequences. Drug abuse can start in childhood and continue in adulthood. Studies of high school students indicate that approximately 42% drink alcohol, 21% use marijuana, and 3% use cocaine. Approximately 12% have used inhalants, and 20% have abused prescription drugs (Source: CDC).

People who abuse drugs may take them initially out of curiosity, to escape, to feel good, due to peer pressure, or for a variety of other reasons. Drugs can affect a number of different organs, and complications can result from damage to the brain or to other parts of the body. Other negative consequences often result from the effects drugs have on a person’s mind, as well as actions an individual may take while under their influence.

Treatment can be on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on the drug being abused, whether addiction is present, and whether there are coexisting health or psychological problems. Supervised withdrawal, also called detoxification (or detox), may be necessary if physical symptoms are common when the drug is stopped. Medications may be used to decrease cravings, cou nteract the effects of the drug, or to cause unpleasant reactions if the drug is used. Behavioral therapy is commonly an important part of treatment, providing skills, helping change attitudes and behaviors, and helping maintain recovery.

Drug abuse can have serious, even life-threatening, complications, such as drug overdose, alcohol poisoning, trauma, and suicidal or violent behavior. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) for serious symptoms, including threatening, irrational or suicidal behavior; serious injury; respiratory or breathing problems; rapid, slow or absent pulse; chest pain or tightness; persistent vomiting; cold, clammy, or hot, dry skin; severe abdominal pain; seizure; or confusion or loss of consciousness for even a brief moment.

0
Deaths in the USA each year
0
Deaths per day
0.8M
Million years of potential life lost

Choices, Choices, Choices…

How is drug abuse treated?

The goals of drug abuse treatment are aimed at stopping drug-seeking and use, preventing complications of drug withdrawal, rehabilitation, maintaining abstinence, and preventing relapse. Treatment depends on the drug being abused, whether addiction is present, and whether there are coexisting health or psychological problems.

DRUG ABUSE

Therapy
Support group, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Aversion therapy, Family therapy, Behavior therapy, Psychotherapy, Group psychotherapy, and Counseling

Medications
Sedative, Vitamin, and Drug Addiction medications

Self-Care
Abstinence


Support group
A forum for counseling and sharing experiences among people with a similar condition or goal, such as depression or weight loss.

Cognitive behavioral therapy
A talk therapy focused on modifying negative thoughts, behaviors, and emotional responses associated with psychological distress.

Aversion therapy
Suppressing unwanted behavior, like smoking, by associating it with a negative experience, like an electric shock.

Family Therapy
Psychological counseling that helps families resolve conflicts and communicate more effectively.

Behavior Therapy
A therapy focused on modifying harmful behaviors associated with psychological distress.

Psychotherapy
Treatment of mental or behavioral disorders through talk therapy.

Group psychotherapy
Talk therapy where the therapist works with clients in a group instead of one-on-one.

Counseling
Professional advice and support that help people solve problems, make decisions, and change their behavior.

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(417) 598-0816

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DRUG ABUSE

Seek prompt medical care if you think you might have a problem with drugs.

What are the symptoms of drug abuse?

Symptoms of drug abuse include those of intoxication and those related to unfulfilled responsibilities and the social consequences of drug use.

Common symptoms of drug abuse

Drug abuse can cause problems in interpersonal relationships, at home, on the job, and with the law. Symptoms of drug abuse related to these problems include:

  • Craving the drug despite difficulties obtaining it or wanting to quit
  • Deterioration of relationships
  • Deterioration of school or work performance
  • Difficulty holding a job
  • Disengagement from non–drug-related activities
  • Financial problems
  • High-risk sexual behavior
  • Increasing time spent thinking about, obtaining, using, and recovering from the drug
  • Leaving responsibilities unfulfilled
  • Legal problems
  • Needing higher doses to get the same effect (tolerance)
  • Using a drug to avoid its withdrawal symptoms
  • Using drugs before or during activities where safety is a concern

Common symptoms of drug intoxication

Drug use can lead to symptoms of intoxication including:

  • Balance problems, difficulty walking, and falls
  • Change in mental status
  • Changes in mood, personality or behavior
  • Diminished reflexes
  • Drowsiness or excessive energy
  • Impaired balance and coordination
  • Impaired judgment and memory
  • Impaired vision
  • Nausea with or without vomiting
  • Pupil size changes
  • Slurred speech; excessive talking

Serious symptoms that might indicate a life-threatening condition

In some cases, drug abuse can be life threatening. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have any of these life-threatening symptoms including:

  • Being a danger to oneself or others, including threatening, irrational, or suicidal behavior
  • Overdose symptoms, such as rapid or slow pulse; respiratory or breathing problems, such as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, labored breathing, wheezing, not breathing, choking; abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea; cool and clammy skin or hot skin; sleepiness, chest pain, confusion or loss of consciousness for even a brief moment
  • Trauma, such as bone deformity, burns, eye injuries, and other injuries

What causes drug abuse?

The cause of drug abuse is not known, nor is it understood why some people can abuse drugs briefly and stop without difficulty, whereas others continue using drugs despite undesirable consequences. Biological factors, such as genetics and the presence of other psychiatric disorders, may play a role, as may environmental factors, such as peer pressure, history of abuse, and stress, and developmental factors, such as the timing of drug exposure.

What are the risk factors for drug abuse?

A number of factors increase a person’s risk of abusing drugs. Not all people with risk factors will abuse drugs. Risk factors for drug abuse include:

  • Anxiety disorders or depression
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Early drug use
  • Lack of parental supervision
  • Male gender
  • Parental substance abuse
  • Peer pressure
  • Personality disorders, such as antisocial behavioral disorder or borderline personality disorder
  • Physical or sexual abuse
  • Poor family communication or bonding
  • Stress

Common treatment of drug abuse

Treatment of drug abuse is often an extended process involving multiple components including:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy to work on thought patterns and behavior
  • Family therapy to help the family understand the problem and to avoid enabling drug use
  • Identification and treatment of coexisting conditions
  • Medications to decrease cravings, block withdrawal symptoms, counteract drug effects, or to cause unpleasant side effects if a drug is used
  • Motivational incentives to reinforce abstinence
  • Motivational interviewing to utilize a person’s readiness to change behaviors
  • Rehabilitation to assist those with severe addiction or coexisting mental illness through the initial stages of quitting
  • Supervised withdrawal (detoxification) to prevent, recognize and treat physical symptoms of withdrawal
  • Support groups

What are the potential complications of drug abuse?

Complications of untreated drug abuse can be serious, even life threatening in some cases. You can help minimize your risk of serious complications by following the treatment plan you and your health care professional design specifically for you. Complications of drug abuse include:

  • Brain damage, memory loss, attention difficulties, and impaired judgment
  • Cancer
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Hepatitis, HIV and AIDS, and other infectious diseases
  • Legal, academic, work and social problems
  • Liver, lung or kidney disease
  • Malnutrition
  • Psychological changes, including aggression, paranoia, depression and hallucinations
  • Respiratory arrest
  • Stroke
  • Stupor or coma
  • Withdrawal symptoms

Together we can all make a difference

Contact us today:

(417) 598-0816

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OUR CORE VALUES

Think Change. Be Better.

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RECOVERY PROGRAMS

Our hearts are dedicated to the recovery of suffering abusers of our community.

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STANDING BY THE DOOR MINISTRIES

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About us

Our name comes from a poem written by Sam Shoemaker. “I Stand at the Door”

I stand by the door. I neither go too far in, nor stay too far out. The door is the most important door in the world — It is the door through which men walk when they find God. There is no use my going way inside and staying there, When so many are still outside and they, as much as I, Crave to know where the door is and all that so many ever find is only the wall where the door ought to be. They creep along the wall like blind men, with outstretched, groping hands, Feeling for a door, knowing there must be a door, yet they never find it.

So I stand by the door.

TRANSITIONAL HOUSING

A sober living home provides the needed structure to live a sober life and transition back into society and employability...

JOB AND LIFE SKILLS

Working with local employment agencies, clients are assisted in personal resume development, job procurement and life skills.

THE MOTIVATION TO CHANGE

To be successful, you have to use each day as an opportunity to improve, to be better, to get a little bit closer to your goals.

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ALCOHOLISM

Alcoholism is the most severe form of alcohol abuse and involves the inability to manage drinking habits.

DRUG ABUSE

Drug dependence occurs when you need one or more drugs for your dependence or abuse to function.

PATH OF FAITH

Sharing faith, hope, and love makes a difference in the lives of every person that we encounter.

SPIRITUALITY

Our believe is that the door to spiritual salvation is always open and so are the doors to our church.

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